The Berlin Blockade

In the History class, we were told to do a chart and to answer some questions about the Berlin Blockade.

Here is the chart:

This are the questions we were assigned to answer:

  1. What was life like in Berlin in the post-war era?

After the war, Berlin was divided into four zones; American, British, French and Soviet. The city of Berlin was devastated as it lost almost half of its population.
They were really poor and hardly noticed by other countries, they had lost everything.

  1. How did Soviet policy towards Berlin differ from that of the West?

Stalin wanted to keep Germany and the city of Berlin crippled and under his control because he didn’t want any part of Germany to recover so fast. The West had a very different idea in mind as they wanted to bring Germany back to its full potential.

  1. Why was reform of the German currency a key issue for both sides?

It was a key issue for both sides as It was easier to trade between them and because the three zones occupied by the allies united against the fourth zone which was under soviet (communist) control.

  1. Why was the airlift such a major feat?.                   The airlift was such a major feat because It was a smart move of the USA. The airlift proved the rivalry between communism and capitalism wasn’t just a simple fear, simple ideas, it was a big and very important issue. The Soviets and Americans both acted maturely and once the US proved she would not give up, Stalin reopened communications.

 

  1. In what respect can the USSR and US be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift?

USA decided to send supplies to Berlin during the airlift because the USSR, closed the roads and the access the allies had to get to Berlin. At first the US was scared of sending planes into Berlin because they were afraid of the possibility that the Soviets would shoot down the planes. Both countries were very suspicious of each other but, in the end none of them had war intentions.

  1. Why did Stalin eventually agree to talks over the airlift?

    Stalin agreed to talk over the airlift because he saw the strength of the allies. He saw that the allies were not going to give up as he had thought. Also, with the airlift the allies were providing even more help to Berlin that before the blockade so after 11 months of blockade, he reopened communications and the airlift was over.

Who was more to blame for Berlin becoming a major flashpoint in the Cold War, the Soviets or the Americans?

In my opinion, the Americans were more to blame, because Berlin was deep in the soviets’ zone, it was surrounded by communism. The US could have just let Berlin go and focus on another more important thing. However, Truman wanted to make sure everyone knew he was serious about the plans he had against the expansion of communism.

League of Nations

In the History class, Lenny left us a task which was to watch a video from her blog and to read the second chapter from our History book about the League of Nations, and then to answer some questions. We had to work in pairs, I worked with Oliverio Llobet y Bautista Buljevich.

Here is the video:

 

League of Nations

In history class, with Lenny, we watched a video that talked about league of nations. Our exercise, was to answer some questions.

Questions

1- What were the aims of the league?

2- What happened to wilson when he returned to US after signing the treaty of versailles?

3-Why did german immigrants in USA not want to join the league?

4- What economic reason did us give to stay out of the league?

5-How did americans feel about imperialism in europe?

6-Why did poland invade Vilna? Why did the league not act about it?

7- Why was upper silesia an important region for Poland and Germany?

8-How did the league solve the conflict in Vilna?

9-What did the league decide to do Aland island?

10- Why did mussolini invade Greece in the Corfu conflict?

11- Why was the league criticised about the resolution in the Corfu Conflict?

12- How did the Geneva protocol weaken the league?

13- why did Greece invade Bulgaria in 1925?

14- Why did Greece complain that the league “ seemed to have one rule for the large states (such as Italy) and another for the smaller ones”.

Answers:

1- The aims of the league were:

to discourage aggression from any nation.
to encourage countries to co-operate, especially in business and trade.
to encourage nations to disarm.
to improve the living and working conditions of people in all parts of the world.

2)When Woodrow returned to US after signing the treaty of versailles he had problems. He lost the elections because he was a democrat and the other candidate, Harding, was republican. Harding did not like the idea of the league of nations, he wanted to isolate, so the US could never join

3- The league was supposed to enforce the treaty yet some Americans, particularly the millions who had German ancestors, hated the treaty itself.
4- If the league imposed sanctions, and the aggressor wouldn’t stop she would send troops, but no one would pay for them because Europe was in crisis. So It would be American trade and business that suffered most.

5- some feared that the league would be dominated by GB and France and would be called to help defend their empires. Many in the US were anti empires.

6- Poland invaded Vilna because they wanted more territory, and this was a very good oportunity. The league did not react because they were not ready to act.

7- The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles. This was a problem because the Poles suffered discrimination and racism, making them effectively second class citizens, so it was very important because there was confrontation between them.

8- The Poles captured the capital of Lithuania (Vilna), so the league told them to step back. Great Britain and France supported Poland. Poland refused, so the league of nations could not resolve the problem.

9- There was a problem between Finland and Sweden, that involved the territory of the Aaland islands. The league settled that the islands belonged to Finland, both countries agreed.

10- An Italian general named Tellini and his team were murdered in Greece, so Italy occupied Corfu. The Italian leader Mussolini was furious and blame the Greek government for the murder.

11- Because they made the Greeks pay, and this was criticised by many people in that time and many historians such as Zara Steiner that said: “The dispute showed that the weakest of the great powers could get its way when Britain and France agreed to sacrifice justice for co-operation”.

12- There was a decision in the league that if there was any confrontation between two countries they should acude to the league and then what the league decided had to be accepted by both. The league hoped this was going to strengthen the league, but GB refused to sign and instead of strengthen, it weakened it.

13- Greece invaded Bulgaria because there was an incident on the border between the, in which some Greek soldiers were killed.

14- Greece complained because they thought it was very unfair that smaller states had different rules than larger states.

Conversation Big Three

 

here is our voice thread

https://voicethread.com/share/8043921/

In my opinion, by doing this project we have learnt a lot because we could express our thoughts. I think that this project was a great idea because it help us to know more about this three important men and to learnt more about their thoughts and aims. In addition when we record the dialogue each of us had to speak about the primes minister and the president so by speaking as we were them we could think as they did and we could understand better what they thought.

the part that I enjoyed the most of this project was writing the conversation, because when we write it we could think what each of the big three thought, also we could understand  why they disagreed with some points and of course why they had their aims. Moreover, i also liked to search a lot of information of each man and we learnt a lot of new vocabulary.

I think that the project was really interesting but i would change the part when we record. i would like to recorded but in form of a video recording ourself with the clothes of the big three pretending to be them in the conference because for me it would be more interesting.

 

Treaties made after WW1

In our history class, Lenny asked us to read five of the minor treaties created after WW1 and then she asked us to make an infographic of each of the treaties.

These are my infographics:

Treaty of St Germain 1919

Treaty of Neuilly 1919

 

Treaty of Sevres 1920

Treaty of Lausanne 1923