Plastic pollution is caused by the accumulation of plastic waste in the environment. It can be categorized in primary plastics, such as cigarette butts and bottle caps, or secondary plastics, resulting from the degradation of the primary ones. plastic soup is a term used to refer to pollution of the seas and oceans by plastics. These ones go from larger to smaller pieces. All these different types of plastic together form the term known as plastic soup. Plastics come either from the rubbish we throw away every day, fishnets and more. This is considered as a problem that affects the entire world and that should be solve.
When plastic degrades and fragments into small pieces, it can release toxic substances. All sorts of animals that live in or from the sea, even minute zooplankton, mistake plastic and microplastics for food. These toxic substances then enter our food chain. On top of this, en route to the sea, plastic fragments absorb all kinds of toxic substances from the sewers and polluted areas that they pass through. They become toxic bombs. These substances are released in the bodies of the organisms that eat the plastic. The plastic pollution of the seawater can also seriously damage our health. Most of the pollution by far comes from land. At least 80% of the plastic rubbish in the oceans are dumped by industry and by people on land. It is carried to sea by rivers, canals, harbours and the wind. On top of this, shipping, fisheries and the offshore industry are important contributors to pollution, though compared to the land sources, this is ‘only’ 20%.
How to solve plastic pollution?
Aside from cleaning up our oceans, which is a very significant first step but not a long-term solution, the best way to address plastic pollution is to change our mindsets and habits.
1.Reduce the use of plastics
To efficiently reduce plastic pollution, there is an evident need of reducing our usage of plastic. It means changing our everyday behaviors an not using plastic when there is a better alternative to it and only using plastic when strictly necessary.
2.Reuse the plastic you use
Plastic may cause pollution when poorly managed but it has lots of advantages too, such as being resistant. Many plastic items can therefore be reused or used for different purposes. Before throwing plastic items, it is important to consider how they can be reused.
Plastic recycling consists of collecting plastic waste and reprocessing it into new products, to reduce the amount of plastic in the waste stream.
- Using biodegradable plastic (bioplastics)
A bioplastic is a type of biodegradable plastic derived from biological substances rather than petroleum that degrades in water really quickly so as not to contaminate
Buenos tardes chicos nos vamos a presentar
Somos ramiro oliverio matías y tomás
Una lección les venimos a enseñar
Mostrándoles por que el mundo hay que cuidar
Para que el mundo puedan cuidar
Tienen que ayudarnos a reciclar
Así ayudar al mundo a cambiar
Poniendo cada cosa en su lugar
Tenemos que ser más conscientes,
Para así cuidar el medioambiente
Hay que reciclar y cuidar el mundo
para entre todos generar un cambio rotundo.
Les digo un ejemplo, si comen un caramelo
Y después tienen el papel en la mano no lo tiren al suelo
Presten atención y sigan mi consejo
Tirenlo al tacho verde para el planeta es un gran consuelo
A reciclar nos tienen que ayudar
Así vamos a salvar al baby shark
Al tacho negro va la manzana roja
Así también vamos a salvar a bob esponja
En el tacho verde va él cartón papel
Plástico metal y papelitos también
En el tacho negro va todo lo demás
Así los animalitos podemos salvar