Literary periods

I found more interesting the romantic period, the classical as well as the enlightenment period.

First of all, I chose the romantic period due to its iconic plays, among which hides my favorite, pride and prejudices, by Jane Austen. Among these years, there was a lot of variety as there were two contrasting types of writing: the Romantics and the Gothic. As for the first, I would highlight the fact that the poets dealt with individuality. It is a new concept introduced in this period, which gives importance to the value of people by themselves. The gothic, also deals with the topic, but attracting the readers though the suspense and mystery.

Secondly, I chose the enlightenment period because it breaks with what used to be established. It’s a period of change, commanded by logic. Among these years, people started to see the world form a new point of view in which god was not longer the center of it. This idea is clearly portrayed in the literary work from this period. 

And last, I chose the Victorian period, not only for its iconic plays such as Dracula and Jane Eyre, but also because there is a lot of emotion among the pages written. It makes the reader sympathise with the characters, creating a way to understand complicated feeling such as loneliness, being outcasted among others. 

All my Sons – activity

All my Sons- Olivia Obligado, Juana Zufriategui and Luz Esteban

1)What do keller and Chris talk about? Do they have similar or contrasting views on the matter? Explain and quote.
2)Choose 3 important quotations from the conversation they have and explain them.
3)Find 2 examples of irony and explain them
4) Mention 2 other literary devices and comment on their impact on the readers.

  1.  Keller and Chris are discussing about Larry, who has been missing for 3 years. They also talk about Mother and how she is still hopeful about his return. However, they do not support this , as they believe Larry might be dead; “CHRIS: For God’s sake, three years! Nobody comes back after three years. It’s insane”. Nevertheless, they sympathize with Mother’s hope of Larry coming back and decide not to upset her.   
  • They definitely have contrasting views on the matter concerning Annie. Chris wants to propose marriage to her but Keller disagrees; “I don’t see why it has to be Annie…”, supporting that she was in a relationship with Larry. Chris marrying her means that Larry will never come back, which is a harsh truth they are not willing to face, specially Mother. 

2. Chris: “Being dishonest with her.  That kind of thing always pays off, and now it’s paying  off.”

Keller: “What do you mean, dishonest?”

Chris: “You know Larry’s not coming back and I know it.  Why do we allow her to go on thinking that we believe with her?” 

  •   We believe that this conversation is important since it shows in part the vision of these characters regarding the thoughts of the mother who, clearly, did not overcome the death of her son. You can see how everyone shows themselves in front of her, but at the same time they have a totally different thought, which makes them “dishonest”

Chris: “For God’s sake, three years!  Nobody comes back after three years. It’s insane.”

Keller: “To you it is, and to me.  But not to her. You can talk yourself blue in the face, but there’s no body and no grave, so where are you?” 

  • We also believe that this text is very important since it shows the readers the lack of hope that the characters have about Larry’s life, shows how sure they are that he has already died. However, in turn, we can see her mother’s wish and hope that he is alive, since they clarify that for her it is not strange that she has not returned in those three years.

Keller: “The trouble is the Goddam newspapers.  Every month some boy turns up from nowhere, so the next one is going to be Larry, so…”

  • Finally, we believe that this text is extremely important since it shows a facet of Keller that we have not seen before. It shows a more vulnerable side, a side that does hope that Larry will return and a side that has not yet fully accepted his departure.

3) Irony

  • “You are always reading the book section and you never buy a book”.  

We can see irony through this quotation as Keller is being ironic towards chris as although he is always reading the book section, he never bought a book to read. In most of the cases when you read the book section, you find one to buy and read but this was not chris’s case so that is why Keller is being ironic.

  • “ in the beginning when I first made you a police man you used to come in every morning with something new. Now, nothing’s ever new.”

Through this quote, we can find irony as keller is telling Bert In an ironic way how it could be possible to come with something new every day when you first started “working” as he is eight and now there is nothing. He is being ironic towards Bert as he is only a kid not a real policeman.

4) Literary devices


One example of foreshadowing is Joe’s game with Bert. Joe made Bert and Tommy local policemen who patrol the block and report suspicious things to Joe. He told Bert there was a jail in the basement of his house and showed him his “arresting gun”. In return, Bert reported some disturbances to Joe and he promised to promote Bert to a detective. All the elements of this game: the jail, the gun, and the issue of guilt will come up in the further development of the plot.


“In the left corner, downstage, stands the four-foot-high stump of a slender apple tree whose upper trunk and branches lie toppled beside it, fruit still clinging to its branches.”

The apple tree was planted two years ago after Larry’s “death” to honor his memory. The symbolism of the tree is to show that Larry is dead. However, Kate claims that the tree shouldn’t have been planted in the first place because Larry may still return home. She has the feeling that Larry is still alive.

Art work

Art work


Juana Zufriategui


1) “Art is a mediator of the unspeakable.”

(Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1749-1832).   He was a poet.

2)a) I believe that this painting matches the definition I choose as the paint transmits different emotions and feelings. For example I can feel love as two sister are hugging each other. The artwork Is the mediator of the unspeakable because it transmits/expresses feelings or emotions, they are not being written or speak(this is not the correct tense – spoken about). I believe that through art you can express yourself without using words and people can understand it in many different ways.



3)a)This artwork is a huge sculpture of a monkey made of cardboard mostly recycled. The technique that laurence vallieres uses to make her sculptures is to stick with a special glue the recycled cardboard little by little onto a cardboard structure, while creating the sculpture of the animal that ends up (looking like)being a wooden sculpture.


3)b) In the art work I choose, a figure of a monkey is represented. The monkey looks tired and seems to be sleeping as it has the eyes are closed and it is kind supporting his body on his arms while it is seated. Moreover, I believe that this sculpture is a realistic artwork as the artist is representing  something real, an animal. Are the colours realistic too?


3)c) This artwork is monochromatic . It is made with warm colours, she worked with brown exclusively which was the colour given by the material, as it brings pasion, joy, enthusiasm and stimulate the spectators. 

It is a sculpture that represents the form of a monkey, which occupies a huge space (in order to be appreciated in details).  

I believe that the monkey is not well proportionate as the legs are to short and skinny while the body is enormous and the arms are large, but I love the how the sculpture was made. While the monkey is seated on the floor, one of the legs is softly laying on it and the other is half ovate from the floor forming kind of a triangle. Furthermore, in the middle of the two legs, it is perfectly well located vertically his body that has an oval shape and from the upper part of it, his arms come out. They are both really long and well located, one of them is stretched down with his hand resting on the floor next to one of the legs, while the other is resting on the other leg but also with the hand on the floor in the middle of both legs. Finally on the top of the body, you can find the head witch is quite big in relation with his legs. In his head, we can see his particular face which is making gestures .


3)d) As it is a sculpture, I first looked at the expression of the face as it first called my attention because it has a really particular face. Afterwards, I looked downwards to the lower part of the body including his arms and legs as the monkey is sitting in a pleasant way, the arms fall very softly on the floor causing a soft support of his hands and his legs are laying on the floor very gently so it catches the attention of my eyes. Then, I looked at his tummy, his chest and finally I looked at his shoulders because they did not call much my attention. Despite this, although it didn’t catch my attention at first, the shoulders made me understand the expression of his tired face.


3)e) The sculpture makes me feel calm and relieved as I can see that the monkey seems to be resting leaving behind not only his problems and thoughts but everything that made him tired. Also, it makes me feel pleasure to see that the monkey can rest so calmly without being bothered by anyone, this  gives me peace. The expression of his face and the fact that he has his shoulder down, helps me to develop my feeling towards the sculpture because I can see myself reflected and see how nice it is to rest. Finally, how his legs are positioned and how his hands lay softly on the floor triggered my feelings as I can see that the monkey is calm and comfortable.


3)f) I believe that the message of the artwork that I choose is that although you have a lot of things to do daily and you have many problems, you have  to take some time for yourself and rest well because otherwise you will feel very tired, like the monkey that is resting but at the same time it seems that he is a little tired because of the expression of the mouth. However, seeing it from another point of view, the message can be that human being have to stop animal abuse and take care of nature because the animals themselves suffer. As we can see, the monkey can be tired and exhausted as they are being mistreated and their habitats are being destroyed,  but the animals cannot do anything about it and that is why the monkey is comfortable and resting. Furthermore, I believe that the artwork can express hatred and sadness towards human beings from the point of view of animals as they are the ones who are suffering, but also it can express calmness and happiness as the monkey is sleeping which can give human beings pleasure. [Finally, the topic according to both messages is referring to animal abuse or killing so as to satisfy the needs of human beings which happens all over the world or also,  the topic can be associated with the fact that people as well as animals need rest so as to be healthy.] The ideas get a little mixed in this conclusion, try to rephrase it.


4) I choose the song “Tired” by Alan Walker and Gavin James as I believe that it can be connected with both of my interpretations of the artwork. The song talks about a love relationship and also about the tiredness of a person and the inability of another person to help. This part of the song can be connected with the artwork as I believe that although the monkey is tired of animals being abused or killed, I am not able to stop that. although I can contribute, it is not enough. The song says “ let me love you when your heart is tired”, which is also connected with the artwork as animals even though they are tired and exhausted, they let themselves be loved by humans or by the animals themselves. Moreover, the song also describes the tiredness of a person which can be connected with the interpretation of the artwork that human beings need to sleep because they are so tired. “ Cold hands, red eyes”. Finally, I believe that the song is also related with the artwork as the monkey or the human beings are tired but they tried to escape from that tiredness by sleeping or resting as in the song the woman escapes from her tiredness and problems by rolling up a cigarette.  “Just roll up a cigarette, Just forget about this mess, Waiting on the sidelines, From the sidelines”.



Alan Walker, Gavin James

I see those tears in your eyes
I feel so helpless inside
Oh love, there’s no need to hide
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
Cold hands, red eyes
Packed your bags at midnight
They’ve been there for weeks
You don’t know what goodbye means
Just roll up a cigarette
Just forget about this mess
Waiting on the sidelines
From the sidelines
I see those tears in your eyes
And I feel so helpless inside
Oh love, there’s no need to hide
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
If your ghost pulls you up high
And it feels like you’ve lost who you are
My love, there’s no need to hide
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
Just let me love you
Just let me love you
Just let me love you
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
And you whisper, I’m alright
But I see through your white lies
But these walls don’t talk
And if they could, they’d say
Can’t hide the secrets
You can’t forget about this mess
I’m waiting on the sidelines
From the sidelines
I see those tears in your eyes
And I feel so helpless inside
Oh love, there’s no need to hide
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
If your ghost pulls you up high
And it feels like you’ve lost who you are
My love, there’s no need to hide
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
Just let me love you
Just let me love you
Just let me love you
Just let me love you when your heart is tired
I see those tears in your eyes
So helpless inside
There’s no need to hide
Let me love you when your heart is tired



Juana, your insights and observations are spot on and very thoughtful, well done. I recommend you to read outloud your answers or to give them to somebody else to read before handing in, to make sure they are clearly written. 

Please, do the corrections. Any doubts or questions you can reach me by handing.

Total mark so far= 9.25


The lady in the looking glass

In the past few weeks, in Literature, we have been working on one of Virginia Woolf’s stories called “Lady in the Looking-Glass: A Reflection”. At first we learned about Woolf’s early life and as a writer as an introduction. Then we went on to read the story. Once we were finished we were set in pairs to answer six questions out of eleven from which we could choose, and two extra assignments. I answered jointedly with anouk laferrere. These are the following:

1. The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consists of her outer self and her inner self. The portrait is reflected in the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror. Describe the images reflected in the mirror.

On the one hand, the images of the inside of the house reflect darkness, which symbolises that Isabella is dead inside. It portrays her by using all the powerful and negative characteristics of the human being. Woolf uses a simile to illustrate the dark side of man: “the room had its passions and rages and envies and sorrows coming over it and clouding it, like a human being.” In the same descriptive words, she uses sibilance which intensifies the fact that everything in the room was asleep, silent, dead. Besides, she talks about “sighing and ceasing sounds” to represent the chaos and evilness of the thoughts that rumbled in her head, perturbing her.

On the other hand, the images of the outside of the house reflect life, which symbolises the way in which Isabella shows herself to other people. It is a superficial portrayal of Isabella. In order to hinder her inner chaos, she uses nature, the garden, strewn with different and colourful flowers. Woolf uses specific flowers to symbolize certain features that Isabella fakes. The sunflower stands for loyalty, longevity, adoration, lavender stands for elegance femininity and grace, the convolvulus is extinguished hope and eternal sleep and the daisy stands for innocence of child and purity of thought. All of these things, she pretends to be, yet, actually, she is everything but those things.

2. What kind of contrast is there between the objects inside the house and outside the house, as they are reflected in the mirror?

The objects that are inside the house are in a complete chaos and turbulence, “ nothing stayed the same for two seconds together” meaning that through the use of obscure objects, the narrator expresses movement in a sorrowful and depressive tone. Whereas the objects outside are well organized and taken care of. We can see this in a “perpetual sighing and ceasing sound, the voice of the transient and the perishing, it seemed, coming and going like human breath”. through the previous simile, the narrator is foreshadowing the fact that isabella is dead but alive as she has no emotions or thoughts, but she stated the appearance isabella portrays at the looking glass reflection. This has a strong relationship with isabella herself, since her person is composed like this. On the outside, she looks like an organized person while on her interior she is a mess. She is “superficial and perfectly empty”. The narrator portrays this through the use of different objects in order to describe diverse personalities. “ ig was a strange contrast— all changing here, all stillness there”

3. Describe how the narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror.

All throughout the story, as the readers, we think that we know perfectly well how Isabella Tyson is. However, as the last paragraph unfolds, we acknowledge that what we think the narrator was certain about, was not. At the beginning of the story we see her as a very social woman. We believed all these assumptions that they were “letters of intimacy and affection, violent letters of jealousy and reproach, terrible final words of parting”. We think that she united with many of her friends and wrote to others due to the vast amount of letters that she concealed in her drawers.

By the symbolism of the flowers strewn along the garden we imagine that she was adored, loyal, elegant, graceful and innocent. This is regarding the “sunflowers”, the “lavender” and the “daisies”. Through the narrator’s words: “she must be happy”. We assume that because of the way in which she acts, she superficially shows to the others, that we know who and how she is. Nevertheless, as she approached the looking-glass, getting closer and into the light, flicking away the things in the room that were blotting her out, we can actually see that those letters that we thought were connections with old friends were, instead, old bills that she was not willing to pay. We finally see the “truth”.

4. What material objects inside and outside the house does the narrator use to imagine Isabella’s life?

The narrator uses flowers to imagine isabella’s life. He describes her life through her appearance “ her trance of immortality”, “white and violet blossoms”, sunflowers”. He also describes how organized she is and how delightful her life is as she gently pick up flowers on the garden in her “thin summer dress”. Afterwards, the narrator says that she is rich and has travelled a lot because of all the objects that may have bought in “the most obscure corners of the world” such as “ the rugs, the chairs, the cabinets which now lived their nocturnal life before one’s eyes” meaning that actually isabella’s head is so messed up that even the furniture is moving around at night.

5. What are Isabella’s letters supposed to conceal, according to the narrator? What would one know if one could only read them?

When you first read , the letters are supposed to be love letters from isabella’s past and short relationships. They were suppose to reveal information about her. “ one would find the traces of many agitations, of appointments to meet, of up braidings for not having met, long letters of intimacy and affection, violent letters of jealousy and reproach, terrible final were love letters”. However, later it is revealed that this are actually bills, so we discover that there is no love in isabella’s life. She is determined to “ conceal what she did not wish to be known” . And apparently she did not wish people to realize the fact that she is dead alive as she has no feelings or thoughts.

6. What do you think is the role of the mirror in the story? How has the mirror been used as a metaphor in literature?

In the Lady in the Looking-Glass, the mirror acts as a metaphoric element in order to represent a specific message, a moral: “People should not leave looking-glasses hanging in their rooms”. The mirror is transparent, it is able to penetrate into every detail as things get closer to it. Therefore, nothing can be concealed from them. The farther the objects are from the mirror, the less it is able to uncover. That is why while Isabella is in the garden she is blurry and we cannot get to know her. Works the same way with people, the further away people stay from each other, the less they will learn from each other, and because they do not know each other, assumptions start to pop up to fill those empty spaces that neither of them are filling.

At the ending of the story, when Isabella begins to approach the mirror there is a specular moment, an epiphany, a moment of realisation and revelation in which all the superficial layers that Isabella constructed around herself, the plants and lack of light that hindered her act no longer as barriers and disappear. Hence, she is able to portray her inside and true self.

Besides, she doesn’t have a choice to show who she is with the mirror in front of her. This way is represents the fact that there are things that whether she likes it or not are going to be revealed sooner or later, so she has to learn to accept and deal with them.

7. Describe the characteristics of this story that resemble stream-of-consciousness narrative technique.

The stream-of-consciousness technique is a literary style in which the author writes their thoughts, feelings and reactions and depicts them in a continuous flow uninterrupted by any description or dialogue. In the case of “Lady In the Looking Glass”, it affects the story by distorting the point of view with the thoughts and feelings of the narrator. This is why we don’t actually know Isabella until the end. We are blinded by what the narrator thought she was like and what it imagined how her life was like without never stating something in absolute certainty. Due to the modernist technique of stream-of-consciousness that Virginia Woolf applied at the moment of writing this story, we are limited by the eyes of the narrator, which can only communicate to us what it sees.

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story

This is a drawing that I painted representing what is seen reflected in the mirror regarding Isabella Tyson’s inner and outer self. While inside the house/mind there was emptiness, death, silence, chaos, she showed herself as the garden; filled with colour, cheerful, carefree, alive and in control.

Read the following text. How is this related to the story?

In Virginia Woolf’s “Lady in the Looking-Glass”, the protagonist of the story is concealing her true self from the eyes of others by creating the image of an ideal woman at the time. Similarly, what the text by Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar “The Madwoman in the Attic” suggests is that Isabella Tyson was not the only one who was not living freely, but all women of the Victorian Times were. By comparing “Lady in the Looking-Glass” with other texts, the authors suggest that women were confined by the images of women that men and the patriarchal society conceived, from which they could not go any farther. Therefore, women were no longer themselves but an artificial and rather ambiguous construction of a “Ghost, fiend, and angel, fairy, witch, and sprite”. It existed this manichaean vision of women who was either an “angel” or a “monster” that distanced them from their individuality.

Besides, they were subjected under the power and authority of men. Although they were firstly personified as the Virgin Mary who acted as the intermediary between God and human, they were gradually brought down to a “domestic angel”. The “Eternal Feminine” expresses how men subverted women into a position from which they were deprived of any opinion, importance or action other than acting selflessly to the service of men, which was the solely deed they were acquainted capable of: without men’s “life of significant action”, women were worthless.

This is how “Lady in the Looking-Glass” is one of the first feminist writings. Isabella Tyson dares to finally stop looming behind the shadow of the female construction of men and disclose her true self, accepting who she is and what the images the mirror reflects regardless of what society might think.